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History of the Wen Wu Temple of Sun Moon Lake

History of the Wen Wu Temple of Sun Moon Lake

Sun Moon Lake is located in the middle of Taiwan, belongs to Shuei-She Village, Yuchih Township, Nantou County. Sun Moon Lake was a natural lake, surrounded by mountains and mountainous peak, reflected the lake and set of ripple, accompanied by beautiful sunshine and sunset. The changeable and decent weather and beautiful scenery of Sun Moon Lake is famous through out the world.

In 1931 Taipower Corporation made use of the lake to construct a dam and store up water to generate electric power. After 23 years the project has been complete and the lake is more than 800 hectare in width and the ground-water surface is 70 meters high. There are more than 200 households along the lake side. The 180 hectare plow land and paddy field become water field. At that time, there was a “Dragon and Phoenix Temple” in Lane Shuei-She, Shuei-She Village and a “Benefit Temple” in Lane Bei-Chi. Agreed by the managers of these two temple, Fo-Yuan Huang, Hai Huang and Gon Huang, and held a Village-wide meeting by the Township government, it is decided to sell these two temple to Taipower Corporation and the income will be used to establish the Wen Wu Temple in another selected place. The Wen Wu Temple pays respect to Confucius and Guan Gong and shows the memory of moving the village. The Head of Yuchih Township, Kin-Long Chen, was elected to be the director committee member, and Huo-Lu Huang was elected to be the vice director committee member. Fo-Yuan Huang, Chou-Lai Huang, Ah-Chu Huang, and Chian-Ho Lai were committee members and there are also 36 residents were elected to be committee members to promote the establishment aggressively. In the same year in June, the committee applied for funding and got the address for the temple of “Protection forest” which located in the mid-slope of a mountain at the north side of the lake. The construction started in November, and the project came to an end on June 8th, 1938. Totally four years. In order to respond the actual needs, the management committee was established in 1958 according to the province commends, related regulations and management details are set up. In 1964 attracted funding to help build the reception office. In May the same year, a road was built all the way to the temple and started service in October. 1967 local government build a port in front of the temple to complete its water transportation and provide yet another form of transportation for the tourists. December 22nd 1967, a three-day religious ceremony was held to celebrate the 30th Anniversary of the temple and the completion of the reception office. People came from all corners of Taiwan and made it a scene to remember.

In May 1967 after the Third Annual Management Committee selection, Sun Moon Lake started developing rapidly. The old temple was narrow and not beautifully constructed, there will no other way but reconstructing the temple, and therefore a plan was initiated. First the Management Committee will be registered as a non-profit corporation and form a Board of Directors. Within the Board of Directors, Managers, general administrator, financial administrator, project administrator, worships and donations will be appointed to manage the temple and work on the reconstruction concurrently. The reconstruction began in October 1969 and due to the wide area of the project, shortened project duration and lack of resources, there was need to recruit more volunteers or the project will not be able to complete in time. Hence a reconstruction committee was formed in April 1970. The committee also included Head and vice- Committee Director, Head of general administrator. Work was divided amongst the committee and because of good project management and communication, most projects was completed ahead of time. The project was partially ended on January 3rd 1972, after enshrining the Gods and placing the altar, the reconstruction committee was dissembled and all tasks were then handled by the Board of Directors. A reelection of the Board of Directors was held in May and they were in charged of the remaining projects until December 1975 when the project was officially ended. Then, a celebration of Temple Completion was held. Many changes were made to the Lake within 10 years, and the scale and layout were renewed be degrees. The changes have made it one of the local’s favorite destination.
CaiTuan Sunmoon Lake 2nd Board of Director
Notes for reconstruction of Sunmoon Lake
The Wen Wu Temple was built at the back of Sun Moon Lake since 1938. Back facing the lake, magnificent and beautiful scenery and spiritually infused, it has become the religious center for surrounding residence. Due to the aged building structure and rain corrosion, it has lost it shine and dignity after the Recovery Period. In conjunction with Tourism development’s plan to promote the Chinese culture, a reconstruction project was set on 1969 by the first Board of Directors members. The very successful Mr. Sun Hai-Sheng from the timber industry supported the project with a tractor to help flattening the land. During that time, the then President Jiang came to the scene to inspect the project. President Jiang hinted that the Temple should be magnificent, wide and need to have two partitions: the front is used to worship the Generals such as Guan-Gong and Yue Fei, while the back is to worship Confucius. When Chairman Huang Jie of Taiwan Province came to inspect, he decided that the “Northern style architecture” will best fit the temple. The reconstruction project started on August 16th and the opening ceremony was held by County head Mr. Lin Yang-Gang.
Due to the large magnitude of the project and the need of funding, the project was expected to finish in 10 years time. Since the reconstruction started, the President Jiang inspected the site and asked about the situation of construction and the fund raising whenever he made his inspection tour at the Sun Moon Lake. He also instructed that the duration of reconstruction should be shorten and finished before the 60th anniversary of Country Foundation. Consequently, he asked the related senior officers to support the project. With help and support from the following people: the then Chairman of Taiwan Province Chen Da-qing, Head of Secretary Hsu, Chief Senator Hsieh Dong-Min, Taipei Mayor Gao Yu-Shu, Taipei County Head Lin Yang-Gang, Deputy County Head Ou Shu-Wen, Director Shi Chang-Yun of the Lalu, the project was able to complete in October 1971 and a ceremony of gods enshrinement and altar placement was held in January 3rd 1972. Some remaining minor projects and landscaping were passed to the second Board of Directors. This project lasted for a total of three years and total cost of NT 21,500,000. All these money were from donations from the general public.
The magnificent of the project, the elegance of the design, the luxurious raw materials and the exquisiteness of the sculptures are purely unique and irreplaceable among temples in Taiwan. The amazing scenery together with the unique structure, timely exhortations to virtue and purity of Wen Wu Temple forms a breath taking scene. To express the gratitude to the people who took part in this project, a stele was built, carved with the names of the first and second Board of Directors and Reconstruction Committee Members.
First Board of Director
President: Hsu Qing-He
Vice-President: Chen Yong-Chew
General Directors: Hsu Jing-Tian, Wang Shun-Cai, Wu Kun, Wen Wei-Cai, Xie Kui-Jun
Directors: Hong Zheng-Liang, Huang Deng-Feng, Zhang Wen-Huan, Lai Jiang-He, Huang Wen-Cai, Shen Zai-Sheng, Huang Jie-Wei, Su Shu-Mu, Wang Mao-Song, Zheng Jin-Shui, Huang Wen-Lian, Chen Chun-Xia, Wu Gui-Ding, Shi Qi-Zhang, Chen Shun-De, Lin Rong-Gui, Su Mu-Ci, Wang Shun-Ji, Han Jin-Quan, He Ying-Hai, Ou Li-Yue, Lai Jiang-He, Huang Deng-Feng
General Supervisory Board: Huang Jian-Lin, Hsu Jin-Tian, Huang Wen-Cai
Supervisory Board: Lin He-Shan, Huang Chun-Ren, Wu Wan-Ci, Chen Yong-Chiu
Name List for the Second Board of Directors
President: Hsu Qing-He
Vice-President: Hong Zheng-Liang, Huang Deng-Feng
Genereal Directors: Huang Chuan-Chong, Huang Wen-Cai, Hsu Jin-Tian, Su Shu-Mu
Directors: Han Jin-Quan, He Ying-Qian, Zhang Shun-Gu, Qang Chiu-Lang, Cai Tie-Long, Hsu Yuan-Fa, Huang Wen-Lian, Wang Mao-Song
General Supervisory Board: Huang Jian-Lin
Supervisory Board: Wei Kuan-Cai, Wang Tian-Ding
Manager: Huang Chuan-Chong
Vice Manager: Wang Chiu-Lang, Shi Zhen-Xiong, Hong Zhen-Liang, Shi Jing, Huang Wen-Cai, Huang Deng-Feng, Huang Chuan-Chong, Huang Cang-Qin
Wen-Wu Temple Reconstruction Committee Members
President: Hsu Qing-He
Vice-President: Hong Zhen-Liang, Huang Deng-Feng
General Board of Directors: Luo Yin-He, Huang Wen-Cai, Hsu Jin-Tian, Lai Jiang-He, Zhang Wen-Huan
Board of Directors: Sun hai, Huang Chuan-Chong, He Ying-Qian, Huang Jian-Lin, Su Shu-Mu, Zhang Shun-Gu, Wang Nai-Xieng, Chen Chun-Xia, Chen Nan-Yao, Shi Jing, Shi Zhen-Xiong
Head of Administration: Hsu Jin-Tian, Shi Jing, Shi Zhen-Xiong, Huang Deng-Feng, Huang Wen-Cai
On-the-Scene Supervisors: Wang Chian-Chin, Zhang Tian-Cheng
Designer: Xie Zi-Nan, Xiao Wan-Sheng
Taiwan Wen Wu Temple of Sun Moon Lake Cooperation
January, 30, 1976